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How much is a year?

Guest Mar 6, 2015

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 #2
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+5

How much is a year ?

Year Definitions

The most common definition in the western world of the year is based on the revolution of the Earth around the Sun and is therefore called a `Solar Year'. However, there are several possibilites to define beginning and end of one revolution and thus also several kinds of solar years:

  • A tropical year is the interval between two successive passages of the Mean Sun through the mean vernal equinox and lasts 365.242199 days UT. The name refers to the changes of seasons (greek `tropai', the turning points) which are fixed in this kind of year. It is for this reason that the tropical year is of great importance in the construction of calendars.
  • A siderial year is the interval between two successive passages of the Mean Sun at the same (fixed) star. It lasts 365.256366 days UT.
  • An anomalistic year is the interval between two successive passages of the Earth through the perihelion (the point closest to the Sun) of its orbit and it lasts 365.259636 days UT.

The years so defined differ in length because of the precession of Earth's rotation and the tumbling of the Earth orbit.
Julian year (365.25 days UT) and Gregorian year (365.2425 days UT) as defined in the calendars of the respective name are solar years as well.

See: http://www.maa.mhn.de/Scholar/calendar.html#def

heureka  Mar 6, 2015
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 #1
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+5

365.25 days

Guest Mar 6, 2015
 #2
avatar+18827 
+5
Best Answer

How much is a year ?

Year Definitions

The most common definition in the western world of the year is based on the revolution of the Earth around the Sun and is therefore called a `Solar Year'. However, there are several possibilites to define beginning and end of one revolution and thus also several kinds of solar years:

  • A tropical year is the interval between two successive passages of the Mean Sun through the mean vernal equinox and lasts 365.242199 days UT. The name refers to the changes of seasons (greek `tropai', the turning points) which are fixed in this kind of year. It is for this reason that the tropical year is of great importance in the construction of calendars.
  • A siderial year is the interval between two successive passages of the Mean Sun at the same (fixed) star. It lasts 365.256366 days UT.
  • An anomalistic year is the interval between two successive passages of the Earth through the perihelion (the point closest to the Sun) of its orbit and it lasts 365.259636 days UT.

The years so defined differ in length because of the precession of Earth's rotation and the tumbling of the Earth orbit.
Julian year (365.25 days UT) and Gregorian year (365.2425 days UT) as defined in the calendars of the respective name are solar years as well.

See: http://www.maa.mhn.de/Scholar/calendar.html#def

heureka  Mar 6, 2015

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