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A collection of nickels, dimes and pennies has an average value of 7 cents per coin. If a nickel were replaced by five pennies, the average would drop to 6 cents per coin. What is the number of dimes in the collection?

 Sep 30, 2018
 #1
avatar+3988 
+3

\(\dfrac{p + 5n + 10d}{p+n+d}=7 \\ \dfrac{p+5 + 5(n-1) + 10d}{p+5+(n-1)+d} = \dfrac{p+5n+10d}{p+n+d+4}=6 \\ 7(p+n+d) = 6(p+n+d+4) \\ p+n+d = 24\)

 

\(p+5n+10d = (24)(7) = 168 \\ \text{clearly }p=3 \text{ so }\\ 5n+10d = 165,~n+d = 21 \\ 5(21-d)+10d = 165 \\ 105 + 5d = 165 \\ 5d = 60 \\ d=12 \\ n=21-12 = 9\)

 

\(p=3,~n=9,~d=12\)

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 Sep 30, 2018
 #2
avatar+16406 
+1

Hey Rom.....    Can you explain why 'clearly p = 3 '     ?     I know you found the correct answer, but why couldn't you assume at that point p = 8?  or  p= 13    etc?      Thanx     ~EP

ElectricPavlov  Sep 30, 2018
 #3
avatar+3988 
+1

no good answer... must have been late.

Rom  Sep 30, 2018
 #4
avatar
+1

It is called "heuristics" in Math !!

Guest Sep 30, 2018
 #5
avatar+97576 
0

Heuristics. That is a new word for me. Thanks.

Thanks to Rom and EP too  :)

Melody  Oct 1, 2018
 #6
avatar
+1

Solve the following system:
{3 + 10 d + 5 n = 168 | (equation 1)
5 + 10 d + 5 (n - 1) + p = 168 | (equation 2)
d + n + p = 24 | (equation 3)

 

Express the system in standard form:
{5 n + 10 d+0 p = 165 | (equation 1)
5 n + 10 d + p = 168 | (equation 2)
n + d + p = 24 | (equation 3)

 

Subtract equation 1 from equation 2:
{5 n + 10 d+0 p = 165 | (equation 1)
0 n+0 d+p = 3 | (equation 2)
n + d + p = 24 | (equation 3)

 

Divide equation 1 by 5:
{n + 2 d+0 p = 33 | (equation 1)
0 n+0 d+p = 3 | (equation 2)
n + d + p = 24 | (equation 3)

 

Subtract equation 1 from equation 3:
{n + 2 d+0 p = 33 | (equation 1)
0 n+0 d+p = 3 | (equation 2)
0 n - d + p = -9 | (equation 3)

 

Swap equation 2 with equation 3:
{n + 2 d+0 p = 33 | (equation 1)
0 n - d + p = -9 | (equation 2)
0 n+0 d+p = 3 | (equation 3)

 

Subtract equation 3 from equation 2:
{n + 2 d+0 p = 33 | (equation 1)
0 n - d+0 p = -12 | (equation 2)
0 n+0 d+p = 3 | (equation 3)

 

Multiply equation 2 by -1:
{n + 2 d+0 p = 33 | (equation 1)
0 n+d+0 p = 12 | (equation 2)
0 n+0 d+p = 3 | (equation 3)

 

Subtract 2 × (equation 2) from equation 1:
{n+0 d+0 p = 9 | (equation 1)
0 n+d+0 p = 12 | (equation 2)
0 n+0 d+p = 3 | (equation 3)


n = 9 Nickels
d = 12 Dimes
p = 3 Pennies

 Oct 2, 2018
edited by Guest  Oct 2, 2018

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