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# A point $(x,y)$ is randomly picked from inside the rectangle with vertices $(0,0)$, $(4,0)$, $(4,1)$, and $(0,1)$. What is the probability t

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A point $(x,y)$ is randomly picked from inside the rectangle with vertices $(0,0)$, $(4,0)$, $(4,1)$, and $(0,1)$. What is the probability that $x < y$?

Mellie  Apr 27, 2015

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You're right -- I considered only the endpoints ... (I'm going to have to learn to read .... )

If you draw a diagonal line through the point (0,0) at a 45° angle, it will go through the point (4,4) and divide the square into two congruent parts:  the points above the line will have x-values less than their y-values; the points below the line will have x-values greater than their y-values.

Since the area above the diagonal line equals the area below the diagonal line, the probability will be 1/2.

geno3141  Apr 27, 2015
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#1
+17721
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Of the four points:  (0,0), (4,0), (4,1), and (0,1) only the point (0,1) has an x-value smaller than the y-value.

The probability that the x-value is less than the y-value is 1/4.

geno3141  Apr 27, 2015
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Thank you geno, but this was incorrect. Sorry!!!!!!

$$The point (x,y) satisfies x < y if and only if it belongs to the shaded triangle bounded by the lines x=y, y=1, and x=0, the area of which is 1/2. The ratio of the area of the triangle to the area of the rectangle is \frac{1/2}{4} = \boxed{\frac{1}{8}}. [asy] draw((-1,0)--(5,0),Arrow); draw((0,-1)--(0,2),Arrow); for (int i=1; i<5; ++i) { draw((i,-0.3)--(i,0.3)); } fill((0,0)--(0,1)--(1,1)--cycle,gray(0.7)); draw((-0.3,1)--(0.3,1)); draw((4,0)--(4,1)--(0,1),linewidth(0.7)); draw((-0.5,-0.5)--(1.8,1.8),dashed); [/asy]$$

Mellie  Apr 27, 2015
#3
+17721
+10

You're right -- I considered only the endpoints ... (I'm going to have to learn to read .... )

If you draw a diagonal line through the point (0,0) at a 45° angle, it will go through the point (4,4) and divide the square into two congruent parts:  the points above the line will have x-values less than their y-values; the points below the line will have x-values greater than their y-values.

Since the area above the diagonal line equals the area below the diagonal line, the probability will be 1/2.

geno3141  Apr 27, 2015
#4
+85958
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I get something a little different here than geno.....see the following pic........

All  points inside triangle ADF will have x values less than their associated y values. And the area of this triangle = 1/2 sq units

And the area of the whole rectangle = (4)(1)  = 4 sq units

So....the probability that a random point has an x value less than its y value = (1/2) / 4   = 1/8

CPhill  Apr 28, 2015

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