(a) We have three standard 6-sided dice, colored red, yellow, and green. In how many ways can we roll them to get a sum of 9? The dice are colored so that a red 2, yellow 3, and green 4 is a different roll from red 3, yellow 4, and green 2.

(b) We have 10 standard 6-sided dice, all different colors. In how many ways can we roll them to get a sum of 20?

Please explain thoroughly

Mellie
Apr 30, 2015

#2**+10 **

Part b).

I believe that there are 23 different way to get a sum of 20.

Then we need to find the number of ways to get each of the 23 different ways.

For instance, one way is 6-6-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1: 10! / (2! · 8!) = 45 (different ways to get this result)

--- 10 different dice are rolled, giving the 10! in the numerator

--- since the 6 is used twice, divide by 2!, since the 1 is used 8 times, divide by 8!

Etc., etc., etc.

Final answers, add all these results together.

geno3141
May 2, 2015

#1**+15 **

Part a)

The different number combinations that will total 9:

1-2-6

1-3-5

1-4-4

2-2-5

2-3-4

3-3-3

Those that have 3 different values (like 1-2-6) have 6 different ways to get that combination.

Those that have 2 different values (like 1-4-4) have 3 different ways to get that combination.

Those that have only 1 way (like 3-3-3) have only 1 way to get that combination.

Thus, there will be 6 + 6 + 3 + 3 + 6 + 1 = 25 ways.

One way to determine the number of ways to get a particular combination is to use factorials.

The numerator is the factorial of the number of dice: 3!.

This numerator is divided by the factorial of each different number used -- for instance:

If the values used are 2-3-4: 3! / (1!·1!·1!) because each number is used once = 6.

If the values used are 2-2-5: 3! / (2!·1!) because the 2 is used twice and the 5 is used once = 3.

If the values used are 3-3-3: 3! / (3!) because the 3 is used three times.

geno3141
May 2, 2015

#2**+10 **

Best Answer

Part b).

I believe that there are 23 different way to get a sum of 20.

Then we need to find the number of ways to get each of the 23 different ways.

For instance, one way is 6-6-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1: 10! / (2! · 8!) = 45 (different ways to get this result)

--- 10 different dice are rolled, giving the 10! in the numerator

--- since the 6 is used twice, divide by 2!, since the 1 is used 8 times, divide by 8!

Etc., etc., etc.

Final answers, add all these results together.

geno3141
May 2, 2015