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# AM-GM

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Let  $$x,y,z$$ be nonnegative real numbers such that $$x + y + z = 3$$ Find the maximum value of $$(xy + z)(xz + y)$$

Aug 7, 2019

#1
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Let $$x,y,z$$ be nonnegative real numbers such that $$x + y + z = 3$$

Find the maximum value of $$(xy + z)(xz + y)$$

$$\begin{array}{|rcll|} \hline \huge{GM} &\huge{\leq}& \huge{AM} \\\\ \sqrt{(xy + z)(xz + y)} & \leq & \dfrac{(xy + z)+(xz + y)}{2} \\ \sqrt{(xy + z)(xz + y)} & \leq & \dfrac{ xy + z + xz + y }{2} \\ \sqrt{(xy + z)(xz + y)} & \leq & \dfrac{x(y+z)+(y+z)}{2} \\ \sqrt{(xy + z)(xz + y)} & \leq & \dfrac{ (y+z)(x+1)}{2} \quad | \quad \boxed{y + z = 3-x} \\ \sqrt{(xy + z)(xz + y)} & \leq & \dfrac{ (3-x)(x+1)}{2} \\ &&\begin{array}{|rcll|} \hline \large{GM} &\large{\leq}& \large{AM} \\\\ \sqrt{(3-x)(x+1)} & \leq & \dfrac{ (3-x)+(x+1)}{2} \\ \sqrt{(3-x)(x+1)} & \leq & \dfrac{ 3-x + x+1 }{2} \\ \sqrt{(3-x)(x+1)} & \leq & \dfrac{ 4 }{2} \\ \sqrt{(3-x)(x+1)} & \leq & 2 \quad | \quad \text{square both sides}\\ (3-x)(x+1) & \leq & 4 \\ \mathbf{ \dfrac{(3-x)(x+1)}{2}} & \leq & \mathbf{ 2 } \\ \hline \end{array} \\ \sqrt{(xy + z)(xz + y)} & \leq & \dfrac{ (3-x)(x+1)}{2} \leq 2 \quad | \quad \text{ The maximum value results from the equals sign} \\ \sqrt{(xy + z)(xz + y)} & = & \dfrac{ (3-x)(x+1)}{2} = 2 \quad | \quad \text{square both sides}\\ \mathbf{(xy + z)(xz + y) } &=& \mathbf{4} \\ \hline \end{array}$$

The maximum value of $$\mathbf{(xy + z)(xz + y)=4}$$

Aug 9, 2019
edited by heureka  Aug 9, 2019
#2
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Thankyou

Aug 9, 2019