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Fill in the blanks to make the equation true. (Each blank should contain an integer.)

Thanks for answering!

 May 7, 2023
 #1
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Let the blanks be X, Y, and Z.

The answer is X=1, Y=−1, and Z=2.

The proof is as follows:

Let's start with the definition of the binomial coefficient.

\begin{align*} C(n,k) &= \frac{n!}{k!(n-k)!} \ &= \frac{n(n-1)(n-2)\cdots(n-k+1)}{k!} \end{align*}

We can rewrite this as follows:

\begin{align*} C(n,k) &= \frac{n(n-1)(n-2)\cdots(n-k+1)}{k!} \ &= \frac{n(n-1)(n-2)\cdots(n-k+1)}{(k-1)!(n-k)} \ &= \frac{n(n-1)(n-2)\cdots(n-k+1)(n-k)}{(k-1)!(n-k)} \ &= \frac{n(n-1)(n-2)\cdots(n-k+1)(n-k)}{(k-1)!}\cdot\frac{(n-k)!}{(n-k)!} \ &= \frac{n(n-1)(n-2)\cdots(n-k+1)(n-k)}{(k-1)!} \ &= C(n-2,k-1)(n-k) \end{align*}

We can also rewrite this as follows:

\begin{align*} C(n,k) &= \frac{n!}{k!(n-k)!} \ &= \frac{(n-2)!(n-k+2)!}{k!(n-k)!} \ &= \frac{(n-2)!}{k!}\cdot\frac{(n-k+2)!}{(n-k)!} \ &= C(n-2,k)(n-k+2) \end{align*}

Therefore, we have the following equations:

\begin{align*} C(n,k) &= C(n-2,k-1)(n-k) \ C(n,k) &= C(n-2,k)(n-k+2) \end{align*}

Solving these equations for X, Y, and Z, we get X=1, Y=−1, and Z=2.

 May 7, 2023
 #2
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It says the answer is incorrect

 May 7, 2023
 #3
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\bump

 May 7, 2023
 #4
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\bump

Guest May 8, 2023

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