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An equilateral triangle is constructed on each side of a square with side length 2 as shown below. The four outer vertices are then joined to form a large square. Find the side length of the large square. 


 

 Aug 27, 2022
 #1
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An equilateral triangle means:
It has 3 equal sides and 3 equal angles of 60 degrees each. Since each angle of the larger square ==90 degrees, then the 2 smaller angles on either side==[90 - 60] / 2 ==15 degrees.


Now, you have an Obtuse isosceles triangle on each side of the larger square with angles of 15, 15 and 150 degrees with two equal sides of 2 units each.


Using the Law of Cosines, we therefore find the 3rd side of Obtuse Isosceles triangle to be:


c==Sqrt[2^2+2^2 - (2*2*2*cos(150)) ]
c==~3.864 units - which is also the side of the larger square.

 Aug 27, 2022
 #2
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Ohhh thank you! I understand how to solve now!

 Aug 27, 2022

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