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Let A, B, C be points on circle O such that AB is a diameter, and CO is perpendicular to AB. Let P be a point on OA, and let line CP intersect the circle again at Q. If OP = 20 and PQ = 7, find r^2, where r is the radius of the circle.

 

thanks to anyone who answers!

~ iamhappy :)

 Feb 25, 2021
edited by iamhappy  Feb 25, 2021
 #1
avatar+8457 
+1

Let r be the radius.

 

Then OA = OB = OC = r.

 

By Pythagorean theorem, 

\(CP^2 = OP^2 + OC^2\\ CP^2 = 20^2 + r^2\\ CP = \sqrt{r^2 + 400}\)

 

Then,

\(AP = AO - OP = r - 20\\ BP = BO + OP = r + 20\)

 

Consider the power of point P.

 

\(CP \cdot PQ = AP \cdot PB\\ 7\sqrt{r^2 + 400} = (r - 20)(r + 20)\\ 49(r^2 + 400) = (r^2 - 400)^2\\ (r^2)^2 - 800r^2 + 160000 - 49r^2 - 19600 = 0\\ (r^2)^2 - 849r^2 + 140400 = 0\)

 

Using quadratic formula,

 

\(r^2 = \dfrac{849 \pm \sqrt{849^2 - 4(140400)}}{2} \\ r^2 = 225\text{(rejected) or }\boxed{r^2 = 624}\)

 Feb 25, 2021
 #2
avatar+1472 
+2

Let A, B, C be points on circle O such that AB is a diameter, and CO is perpendicular to AB. Let P be a point on OA, and let line CP intersect the circle again at Q. If OP = 20 and PQ = 7, find r^2, where r is the radius of the circle.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

OP = 20        PQ = 7         CP = sqrt(r2 + 202)        AP = r - 20         PB = r + 20

 

PQ * CP = AP * PB

 

7 * sqrt(r2 + 202) = (r - 20)(r + 20)

 

r = 4√39           r2 = 624

 Feb 25, 2021

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