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A fair, standard six faced die is tossed eight times. the sequence of eight results is recorded to form an eight-digit number. What is the probability that the number formed is a multiple of eight. express you answer as a common fraction.

 

Here we go, so the denominator is 6^8, now we need to find the numerator. The numerator must have values that are multiples of 8. The last three digits must be divisible by 8 for the number to be divisible, so for the first five digits the value is 6*6*6*6*6, now I am just confused on how much 3 digit numbers there are that have their digits add up to something divisible by 8. thank you for help 🙏 . I now that I can use hardcore grinding and listing them out, but if there is a different number other than six, it will be very helpful

 Aug 5, 2020
edited by Guest  Aug 5, 2020
 #1
avatar+583 
+1

 If the last three digits of a whole number are divisible by 8, then the entire number is divisible by 8. (By googling)

I don't have an effective way to determine a 3 digit number wehether is multiple of 8 or not.

So I list all 3 digit number consist only numbers 1-6,which are

112,136,144,152,216,232,224,256,264,336,344,312,352,416,456,424,464,432,536,544,512,552,616,624,632,664,656

27 numbers divisible 8 in total  (I did that by adding multiple of 40, so it is  a bit out of order.)

I also wrote a stupid Java program to check my answer.

public static void main(String []args){
        int c=0;
        for (int i = 1;i<=6;i++){
            for (int j = 1;j<=6;j++)
            {
                for(int k = 1;k<=6;k++)
                {
                    int n=i*100+j*10+k;
                    if(n%8==0)
                    {
                        c++;
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        System.out.println(c);
     }

The first five dight can be any integer in {1,2,3,4,5,6}.Therefore, the probability that the number formed is a multiple of eight is \(\frac{6^5*27}{6^8}=\frac{3^3}{6^3}=\frac{1}{2^3}=\frac{1}{8}\).

PS: I believe there is a way to do this problem in abstract algebra, which I rusted at.

 Aug 5, 2020
edited by fiora  Aug 5, 2020
 #2
avatar
+1

For 8 = 1 permutation

For 16 =6,147 permutations

For 24 =98,813 permutations

For 32 =98,813 permutations

For 40 =6,147 permutations

For 48 =1 permutation

 

Sum them all up [1 + 6,147 + 98,813 +98,813 +6,147 + 1] =209,922 / 6^8 =34,987 / 279,936

 Aug 5, 2020
edited by Guest  Aug 5, 2020
 #3
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+1

My computer says there are: 54,432 numbers that are mutiples of 8.

 

Therefore, the probability is: 54,432 / 6^8 =7 / 216

 Aug 5, 2020
 #4
avatar+110689 
+2

I get 27 too

 

P(divisable by 8) = \(\frac{27}{6^3}= \frac{3^3}{3^3*2^3}=\frac{1}{8}\)

 

So I agree with Fiora

 

 

 

NOTE

27 is not the number that are multiples of 8 and 6^3 is not the total number of numbers.

The fact is that only the last 3 rolls have any relevance to this problem.

So Fiora and I just chose to completely ignore the first 5 rolls.

 Aug 5, 2020
 #5
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0

Hi Melody: 1/8 cannot be right because 1/8 would be multiple of all natural numbers from 0 to 9. But, you  are only dealing with 6 numbers from 1 to 6!


The permutations begin like this:
11111112 , 11111136 , 11111144 , 11111152 , 11111176 , 11111184 , 11111192 , 11111216.........and end like this: 66616592 , 66616616 , 66616624 , 66616632 , 66616656 , 66616664 , 66616672 , 66616696, which are ALL multiples of 8. My computer did list all 54,432 permutations which are multiples of 8.


As you can see, you cannot have a number beginning with  5 sixes, or 66666, because you cannot make a multiple of 8 out of 5 sixes in a row! If you want me to, I can print all 54,432 multiples of 8 out of 8 dice.

 Aug 5, 2020
 #6
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+1

Sorry Melody: You were RIGHT after all. There was atupid "bug" in my code. It is 1/8

Guest Aug 5, 2020
 #7
avatar+110689 
0

Yes I know  wink

 

It is good that it has made you think though   laugh

Melody  Aug 5, 2020

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