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Pat is to select six cookies from a tray containing only chocolate chip, oatmeal, and peanut butter cookies. There are at least six of each of these three kinds of cookies on the tray. How many different assortments of six cookies can be selected?

MATHEXPERTISE  Oct 25, 2018

Best Answer 

 #1
avatar+384 
+8

Precise solution right here

 

https://artofproblemsolving.com/wiki/index.php?title=2003_AMC_10A_Problems/Problem_21

 

This question is from an AMC 10A math competition. I like those...they're fun.

 

cool

KnockOut  Oct 25, 2018
 #1
avatar+384 
+8
Best Answer

Precise solution right here

 

https://artofproblemsolving.com/wiki/index.php?title=2003_AMC_10A_Problems/Problem_21

 

This question is from an AMC 10A math competition. I like those...they're fun.

 

cool

KnockOut  Oct 25, 2018
 #2
avatar+384 
+8

And... if you just want a written out solution...

 

Suppose the six cookies to be chosen are the stars, as we attempt to implement stars and bars.

 

We take two dividers, and place them between the cookies, such that the six cookies are split into 3 groups, where the groups are the number of chocolate chip, oatmeal, and peanut butter cookies, and each group can have 0.

 

First, assume that the two dividers cannot go in between the same two cookies.

 

By stars and bars, there are \(\binom{7}{2}\) ways to make the groups.

 

Finally, since the two dividers can be together, we must add those cases where the two dividers are in the same space between cookies. There are 7 spaces, and hence 7 cases.

 

Our final answer is\(21 + 7 = \boxed{28}\) assortments.

KnockOut  Oct 25, 2018

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