In the statement below, the two blanks can be filled by positive single-digit numbers in such a way that the statement is always true:

\($\text{If }2x\equiv y+5\ (\bmod\ 9)\text{, then }x\equiv \underline{\ \ \ }\,y+\underline{\ \ \ }\ (\bmod\ 9).\)

What is the product of the two digits that go in the blanks?

Rollingblade May 17, 2018

#1**+2 **

Hey RB!

I'm not that good at number theory but here is what I have:

Multiplying both sides of the congruence:

\(2x\equiv y+5\pmod 9 \)

by 5 gives:

\(10x \equiv 5y+25\pmod 9,\)

then reducing both sides modulo 9 gives

\( x\equiv 5y+7\pmod 9. \)

Thus, the product of the blanks is \(5\cdot 7=\boxed{35}.\)

I hope this helped,

Gavin

GYanggg May 17, 2018