I was doing this question for a homewokr assignment and don't understand how to solve this beacuse the value of S is never given. Please Help.
Here's the question if the picture doesn't show:
The Ritcher Scale is a scale created by Charles Ricther to measure the magnitude of earthquakes. The magnitude, M, of any given earthquake is defined by the ritcher scale as: M = log(I/S)
...where I is the intensity (which is defined as the amplitude of the serismograph reading taken 100km from th eepicenter of the earthquake), and S is considered to be the intensity of a standard earthquake.
In the year 1950, the strongest earthquake recorded was in india and had a magnitude of 8.6 on the ricther scale. The tenth strongest recorded earthquake was in the Phillippines and had a magnitude of 7.0 on the Ritcher Scale.
How much stronger was the 1950 earthquakes Intensity than the Phillippines earthquakes intensity?
Go online to this page and enter 8.6 magnitude and 7 magnitude and compare the the two in Intensity, Energy release, Seismic moment.....etc.
M1 = 8.6 = log (i1/s)
10^(8.6) = i1/s
M2 = 7.0 = log (i2/s)
10^7 = I2/s
M1/M2 = 10^8.6/10^7 = i1/i2 10^1.6 = i1/i2 39.8 = i1/2 i1 was 39.8 times more intense than i2 (not positive about this)
Anyone else have a different answer?