Decide whether the polynomial

x^{3} +23x^{2} + 3x − 5

is irreducible over Q or not

Yousif.m
Sep 12, 2018

#1**+1 **

Apply the rational root theorem

\(\text{let }p(x) = a_0 + a_1 x + \dots + a_n x^n\)

\(\text{then if }x = \dfrac{p}{q} \text{ written in lowest terms is a root of p(x), }\\ \text{it must be that p divides }a_0 \text{and that q divides }a_n\)

\(\text{here we have }a_0 = -5,~a_3=1\)

\(\text{the only possible p's are }\pm 1,~\pm 5\\ \text{and the only possible q's are }\pm 1\)

\(\text{thus the only possible rational roots are }\pm 1,~\pm 5 \\ \text{and we just have to try them all to see if any are actually roots.}\)

\(p(-1)=14, ~p(1) = 22,~p(5)=710,~p(-5)=430 \\ \text{i.e. none of these are in fact roots and thus p(x) is irreducible over the rational numbers}\)

Rom
Sep 12, 2018