How do I find a quadratic equation given only both zeroes and the vertex's y coordinate?

For example, root one is at (10, 0) and root two is at (34, 0). Only the vertex's y coordinate is given aswell, as a 24.

Guest Dec 9, 2014

#2**+5 **

I like the way geno did this one.......however..... what if we forgot (or didn't know) that the x coordinate of the vertex occurs mid-way between the roots?? Here's an alternative approach - though maybe not as "neat"

We have

0 = a(10)^2 + b(10) + c

0 = a(34)^2 + b(34) + c

Subtracting the first equation from the second, we get

0= a(34^2 - 10^2) + b(34 - 10) simplify

0 = a(1056) + b(24) rearrange

-b(24) = a(1056) divide both sides by 24

-b = a(44) = 44a

Now.....suppose that we * do* remember that the x coordinate of the vertex is given by

x = -b / 2a so we have

x = 44a / 2a = 22 .....and that's the x coordinate of the vertex

And now we can continue the problem just as geno did by finding the value of "a," etc. !!!

CPhill
Dec 10, 2014

#1**+5 **

The x-value of the vertex will be half-ways between the two zeroes. Half-ways between x = 10 and x = 34 is x = 22; so the vertex is the point (22, 24).

An equation of a parabola is: y - k = a(x - h)² where the vertex is (h, k) = (22, 24).

---> y - 24 = a(x - 22)² Since a point on the graph is (10, 0), replaceng x with 10 and y with 0:

---> 0 - 24 = a(10 - 22)²

---> -24 = a(-12)²

---> -24 = 144a

---> a = =1/6

Equaiton is: y - 24 = (-1/6)(x - 22)²

geno3141
Dec 9, 2014

#2**+5 **

Best Answer

I like the way geno did this one.......however..... what if we forgot (or didn't know) that the x coordinate of the vertex occurs mid-way between the roots?? Here's an alternative approach - though maybe not as "neat"

We have

0 = a(10)^2 + b(10) + c

0 = a(34)^2 + b(34) + c

Subtracting the first equation from the second, we get

0= a(34^2 - 10^2) + b(34 - 10) simplify

0 = a(1056) + b(24) rearrange

-b(24) = a(1056) divide both sides by 24

-b = a(44) = 44a

Now.....suppose that we * do* remember that the x coordinate of the vertex is given by

x = -b / 2a so we have

x = 44a / 2a = 22 .....and that's the x coordinate of the vertex

And now we can continue the problem just as geno did by finding the value of "a," etc. !!!

CPhill
Dec 10, 2014