I need to clean my fish tank. However, I can only remove 25% of the water at a time, then refill. How many times must I remove and refill until I have reduced/diluted the original polluted water to 5% and then 1%.

Guest Sep 4, 2014

#4**+5 **

Hi anonymous,

Maybe I can help

Instead of having the original amount being y_{0} units why not let it be 1 unit. Then everything is a little easier.

So

$$\\y_n=\left( \frac{3}{4}\right)^n y_0\\\\

becomes\\

\\y_n=\left( \frac{3}{4}\right)^n \\\\$$

remember, $$y_n$$ is the amount of original water in the tank.

You want to know when this become 5%. 5% of the original 1 unit is 0.05*1=0.05

so you want to know when

$$\left( \frac{3}{4}\right)^n=0.05\\\\$$

NOW

If you would like me to explain without changing the $$y_0$$ to 1 , I can do that for you.

Melody
Sep 4, 2014

#1**+5 **

The amount of old water y is found with the equation, with n being the number of refills:

$$y_{n}=\frac{3}{4}*y_{n-1}$$

This can be changed to a version where $$y_{n-1}$$ is irrelevant to $$y_{n}$$:

$$y_{n}=(\frac{3}{4})^{n}*y_{0}$$

With $$y_{0}$$ being the starting amount of water.

We are considering percentages hence we divide $$y_{n}$$ by $$y_{0}$$:

$$\frac{y_{n}}{y_{0}}=\frac{(\frac{3}{4})^{n}*y_{0}}{y_{0}}=(\frac{3}{4})^{n}$$

Now we can equate $$\frac{y_{n}}{y_{0}}$$ with the desired percentage and the amount of required refills:

$$\frac{y_{n}}{y_{0}}=(\frac{3}{4})^{n}=0.05$$

$$n=\frac{\log{0.05}}{\log{\frac{3}{4}}}\approx10.4$$

You'll need to refill 11 times to achieve a pollution level of 5%, you can figure the second percentage out for yourself. :)

Honga
Sep 4, 2014

#2**0 **

how does $${\left({\frac{{\mathtt{3}}}{{\mathtt{4}}}}\right)}^{{\mathtt{n}}} = {\mathtt{0.05}}$$

Guest Sep 4, 2014

#4**+5 **

Best Answer

Hi anonymous,

Maybe I can help

Instead of having the original amount being y_{0} units why not let it be 1 unit. Then everything is a little easier.

So

$$\\y_n=\left( \frac{3}{4}\right)^n y_0\\\\

becomes\\

\\y_n=\left( \frac{3}{4}\right)^n \\\\$$

remember, $$y_n$$ is the amount of original water in the tank.

You want to know when this become 5%. 5% of the original 1 unit is 0.05*1=0.05

so you want to know when

$$\left( \frac{3}{4}\right)^n=0.05\\\\$$

NOW

If you would like me to explain without changing the $$y_0$$ to 1 , I can do that for you.

Melody
Sep 4, 2014