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If f(x) = x^3+ax+b is divisible by (x-1)^2 , then the remainder obtained by x+2 is

 Apr 28, 2014
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$$\begin{array}{ccl}x^{3}+ax+b & = &(x-1)^{2}(px+q)\\ & = & (x^{2}-2x+1)(px+q)\\ & = & px^{3}+(q-2p)x^{2}+(p-2q)x+q \end{array}$$

For equality, we need

 $$p=1 \text{ and } q=2,$$

so

$$x^{3}+ax+b \rightarrow x^{3}-3x+2=(x-1)^{2}(x+2)$$

and the remainder after division by x+2 is zero.

 Apr 29, 2014

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