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integrate ∫(2cos3x + 3sinx) / sin^3x dx and ∫tan^5x csc^5x dx. please i just want to learn and understand

Guest Jun 22, 2015

Best Answer 

 #4
avatar+20546 
+8

integrate ∫(2cos3x + 3sinx) / sin^3x dx

$$\small{\begin{array}{l|lll}
\int \dfrac{2\cos{(3x)} + 3\sin{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx
\quad & \quad \cos{(3x)}= \cos{(x)}\cos{(2x)} -\sin(x)\sin{(2x)}\\
\quad &\quad \cos{(3x)} = \cos{(x)}[1-2\sin^2{(x)}]-\sin{(x)}\cdot 2\sin{(x)}\cos{(x)}\\
\quad &\quad \cos{(3x)} = \cos{(x)}[1-2\sin^2{(x)}]-2\sin^2{(x)}\cos{(x)}\\
\quad &\quad \cos{(3x)} = \cos{(x)}-2\cos{(x)}\sin^2{(x)}-2\sin^2{(x)}\cos{(x)}\\
\quad &\quad \cos{(3x)} = \cos{(x)}-4\cos{(x)}\sin^2{(x)}\\
=\int \dfrac{2[\cos{(x)}-4\cos{(x)}\sin^2{(x)}] + 3\sin{(x)} }{ \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx & \\
=\int \dfrac{2\cos{(x)}-8\cos{(x)}\sin^2{(x)} + 3\sin{(x)} }{ \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx & \\
= 2 \int \dfrac{ \cos{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx
-8 \int \dfrac{ \cos{(x)}\sin^2{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx
+3 \int \dfrac{ \sin{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx & \\
= 2 \int \dfrac{ 1 } { \sin^2{(x)} }\cdot\cot{(x)}\ dx
-8 \int \dfrac{ \cos{(x)} } { \sin{(x)} }\ dx
+3 \int \dfrac{ 1 } { \sin^2{(x)} }\ dx &\\
\quad & \quad \text{Formula:} \\
\quad & \quad \boxed{ \int \frac{f'(x)}{f(x)}=\ln{(f(x))} ~~ \int \frac{\cos{(x)}}{\sin{(x)}}\ dx = \ln {( \sin{(x)} )} } \\
\quad & \quad \boxed{ (\cot{(x)})' = -\frac{1}{\sin^2{(x)}} ~~\int \frac{1}{\sin^2{(x)}}\ dx = -\cot{(x)}}\\
\quad & \quad \boxed{ \int f'(x) \cdot [f(x)]^1 = \frac{ [f(x)]^2}{2} ~~\int \dfrac{ 1 } { \sin^2{(x)} }\cdot\cot{(x)}\ dx = -\frac{\cot^2{(x)}}{2} }\\
= 2 (-\frac{\cot^2{x}}{2}) - 8 \ln {( \sin{(x)} )} + 3 (-\cot{(x)} )&\\\\
= -\cot^2{(x)} - 8\ln {( \sin{(x)} )} - 3\cot{(x)} + c_1&\\
\end{array}}\\\\\\$$

 

$$\small{\begin{array}{rcl}
\int \dfrac{2\cos{(3x)} + 3\sin{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx
&=& -\cot^2{(x)} - 8\ln {( \sin{(x)} )} - 3\cot{(x)} + c_1 \quad | \quad -\cot^2{(x)}=1-\csc^2{(x)}\\\\
\int \dfrac{2\cos{(3x)} + 3\sin{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx
&=& 1-\csc^2{(x)} - 8\ln {( \sin{(x)} )} - 3\cot{(x)} + c_1 \\\\
\int \dfrac{2\cos{(3x)} + 3\sin{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx
&=& -\csc^2{(x)} - 8\ln {( \sin{(x)} )} - 3\cot{(x)} + (c_1+1) \quad | \quad c = c_1+1 \\\\
\int \dfrac{2\cos{(3x)} + 3\sin{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx
&=& -\csc^2{(x)} - 8\ln {( \sin{(x)} )} - 3\cot{(x)} + c \\\\
\end{array}}$$

 

heureka  Jun 23, 2015
 #1
avatar+94086 
+8

hi Bhustancrowe

 

 

Mmm

I spent ages doing it the wrong way, here is the right way.  I can't take the credit.  :(

 

Oh I managed to delete the bit i did correctly - this is the second one - you should

be able to do the first little bit of it  yourself   

 

Melody  Jun 23, 2015
 #2
avatar+94086 
+8

 

Now it is right     I had just made a careless error right at the beginning.

Thanks for spotting it Alan     [ I do have a question at the bottom though]

 

the correct answer is   

I have not found my errors  :(

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

$$\\\int\frac{(2cos3x + 3sinx) }{sin^3x }dx\\\\
=\int\frac{2(cos2xcosx-sin2xsinx) + 3sinx }{sin^3x }dx\\\\
=\int\frac{2cos2xcosx - 2sin2xsinx) + 3sinx }{sin^3x }dx\\\\
=\int\frac{2(cos^2x-sin^2x)cosx - 2(2sinxcosx)sinx) + 3sinx }{sin^3x }dx\\\\
=\int\frac{2cosxcos^2x-2cosxsin^2x - 4sin^2xcosx + 3sinx }{sin^3x }dx\\\\
=\int\frac{2cos^3x-2cosxsin^2x - 4sin^2xcosx + 3sinx }{sin^3x }dx\\\\
=\int\frac{2cos^3x - 6sin^2xcosx + 3sinx }{sin^3x }dx\\\\
=\int\;2cot^3x-\frac{6cosx}{sinx} + 3csc^2x \;dx\\\\
=\int\;2cot^3x\;dx -\int\;\frac{6cosx}{sinx}\;dx +\int\; 3csc^2x \;dx\\\\
=\int\;2cot^3x\;dx -6ln(sinx) +\int\; 3csc^2x \;dx\\\\
=-6ln(sinx)\;+\;\int\;2cot^3x\;dx -3cotx\\\\
=-6ln(sinx)\;-3cotx\;+\;\int\;2cot^3x\;dx$$

 

$$\\$NOW I'll use the reduction formula$\\\\
\int\;2cot^3x\;dx\\\\
=2[\frac{-Cot^{3-1}x}{3-1}-\int\;cot^{-2+3}x\;dx]\\\\
=2[\frac{-Cot^{2}x}{2}-\int\;cotx\;dx]\\\\
=-Cot^{2}x-2\;ln(sinx)\\\\$$

 

$$\\$So - continuing from before$\\\\
=-6ln(sinx)\;-3cotx\;+\;\int\;2cot^3x\;dx \\\\
=-6ln(sinx)\;-3cotx\;+\; -Cot^{2}x-2\;ln(sinx) +c \\\\
=-8ln(sinx)\;-3Cotx-Cot^{2}x \;+c \\\\$$

-------------------------------------------------------------

Now this is correct but Wolfram Alpha is telling me that  $$cot^2x=csc^2x$$   for the restricted values involed here.

WHY IS THAT ?

Melody  Jun 23, 2015
 #3
avatar+27219 
+5

Melody, 

 

$$\\
\sin^2+\cos^2=1 \text{ Divide through by }\sin^2 \text{ to get }1+\cot^2=\csc^2$$

 

So cot2 differs from csc2 by 1.  This 1 is wrapped up in the constant of integration.  i.e. your constant of integration differs from Wolfram Alpha's by 1.

Alan  Jun 23, 2015
 #4
avatar+20546 
+8
Best Answer

integrate ∫(2cos3x + 3sinx) / sin^3x dx

$$\small{\begin{array}{l|lll}
\int \dfrac{2\cos{(3x)} + 3\sin{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx
\quad & \quad \cos{(3x)}= \cos{(x)}\cos{(2x)} -\sin(x)\sin{(2x)}\\
\quad &\quad \cos{(3x)} = \cos{(x)}[1-2\sin^2{(x)}]-\sin{(x)}\cdot 2\sin{(x)}\cos{(x)}\\
\quad &\quad \cos{(3x)} = \cos{(x)}[1-2\sin^2{(x)}]-2\sin^2{(x)}\cos{(x)}\\
\quad &\quad \cos{(3x)} = \cos{(x)}-2\cos{(x)}\sin^2{(x)}-2\sin^2{(x)}\cos{(x)}\\
\quad &\quad \cos{(3x)} = \cos{(x)}-4\cos{(x)}\sin^2{(x)}\\
=\int \dfrac{2[\cos{(x)}-4\cos{(x)}\sin^2{(x)}] + 3\sin{(x)} }{ \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx & \\
=\int \dfrac{2\cos{(x)}-8\cos{(x)}\sin^2{(x)} + 3\sin{(x)} }{ \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx & \\
= 2 \int \dfrac{ \cos{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx
-8 \int \dfrac{ \cos{(x)}\sin^2{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx
+3 \int \dfrac{ \sin{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx & \\
= 2 \int \dfrac{ 1 } { \sin^2{(x)} }\cdot\cot{(x)}\ dx
-8 \int \dfrac{ \cos{(x)} } { \sin{(x)} }\ dx
+3 \int \dfrac{ 1 } { \sin^2{(x)} }\ dx &\\
\quad & \quad \text{Formula:} \\
\quad & \quad \boxed{ \int \frac{f'(x)}{f(x)}=\ln{(f(x))} ~~ \int \frac{\cos{(x)}}{\sin{(x)}}\ dx = \ln {( \sin{(x)} )} } \\
\quad & \quad \boxed{ (\cot{(x)})' = -\frac{1}{\sin^2{(x)}} ~~\int \frac{1}{\sin^2{(x)}}\ dx = -\cot{(x)}}\\
\quad & \quad \boxed{ \int f'(x) \cdot [f(x)]^1 = \frac{ [f(x)]^2}{2} ~~\int \dfrac{ 1 } { \sin^2{(x)} }\cdot\cot{(x)}\ dx = -\frac{\cot^2{(x)}}{2} }\\
= 2 (-\frac{\cot^2{x}}{2}) - 8 \ln {( \sin{(x)} )} + 3 (-\cot{(x)} )&\\\\
= -\cot^2{(x)} - 8\ln {( \sin{(x)} )} - 3\cot{(x)} + c_1&\\
\end{array}}\\\\\\$$

 

$$\small{\begin{array}{rcl}
\int \dfrac{2\cos{(3x)} + 3\sin{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx
&=& -\cot^2{(x)} - 8\ln {( \sin{(x)} )} - 3\cot{(x)} + c_1 \quad | \quad -\cot^2{(x)}=1-\csc^2{(x)}\\\\
\int \dfrac{2\cos{(3x)} + 3\sin{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx
&=& 1-\csc^2{(x)} - 8\ln {( \sin{(x)} )} - 3\cot{(x)} + c_1 \\\\
\int \dfrac{2\cos{(3x)} + 3\sin{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx
&=& -\csc^2{(x)} - 8\ln {( \sin{(x)} )} - 3\cot{(x)} + (c_1+1) \quad | \quad c = c_1+1 \\\\
\int \dfrac{2\cos{(3x)} + 3\sin{(x)} } { \sin^3{(x)} }\ dx
&=& -\csc^2{(x)} - 8\ln {( \sin{(x)} )} - 3\cot{(x)} + c \\\\
\end{array}}$$

 

heureka  Jun 23, 2015
 #5
avatar+94086 
0

Thanks Alan,       I should have thought of that    

 

Thanks Heureka :)

Melody  Jun 23, 2015
 #6
avatar+35 
0

that you very much guys , im a little confused but i'll try to understand it(im kinda slow in math) 

bhustancrowe  Jun 23, 2015

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