+0  
 
0
353
1
avatar

There is a row of Pascal's triangle that has three successive positive entries,"a" "b"  and "c" such that "b" is double "c"  and "a" is triple "c" If this row begins "1,n,"  then find n.

Guest May 21, 2017
Sort: 

1+0 Answers

 #1
avatar+18607 
+1

There is a row of Pascal's triangle that has three successive positive entries,"a" "b"  and "c"

such that "b" is double "c" 

and "a" is triple "c"

If this row begins "1,n,"  then find n.

 

Three successive positive entries:

\(\begin{array}{rcll} a&=&\binom{n}{k-1} \\ b&=&\binom{n}{k} \\ c&=&\binom{n}{k+1} \\ \end{array} \)

 

"b" is double "c" and "a" is triple "c"

\(\begin{array}{|rcll|} \hline a &= 3c &=& \binom{n}{k-1} \\ b &= 2c &=& \binom{n}{k} \\ c & &=& \binom{n}{k+1} \\ \hline \end{array} \)

 

\(\begin{array}{|lrcll|} \hline (1) & 2c &=& \binom{n}{k} \quad & | \quad c = \binom{n}{k+1} \\ & 2\cdot \binom{n}{k+1} &=& \binom{n}{k} \quad & | \quad \binom{n}{k+1}= ( \frac{n-k}{k+1} ) \binom{n}{k} \\ & 2\cdot ( \frac{n-k}{k+1} ) \binom{n}{k} &=& \binom{n}{k} \\ & 2\cdot ( \frac{n-k}{k+1} ) &=& 1 \\ & \mathbf{ n-k } & \mathbf{=} & \mathbf{ \frac{k+1}{2} } \\\\ (2) & 3c &=& \binom{n}{k-1} \quad & | \quad c = \binom{n}{k+1} \\ & 3\cdot \binom{n}{k+1} &=& \binom{n}{k-1} \quad & | \quad \binom{n}{k+1}= ( \frac{n-k}{k+1} ) \binom{n}{k} \\ & 3\cdot ( \frac{n-k}{k+1} ) \binom{n}{k} &=& \binom{n}{k-1} \quad & | \quad \binom{n}{k-1}= ( \frac{k}{n-k+1} ) \binom{n}{k} \\ & 3\cdot ( \frac{n-k}{k+1} ) \binom{n}{k} &=& ( \frac{k}{n-k+1} ) \binom{n}{k} \\ & 3\cdot ( \frac{n-k}{k+1} ) &=& \frac{k}{n-k+1} \\ & 3\cdot (n-k)\cdot (n-k+1) &=& k\cdot (k+1) \quad & | \quad \mathbf{ n-k } \mathbf{=} \mathbf{ \frac{k+1}{2} } \\ & 3\cdot ( \frac{k+1}{2} )\cdot ( \frac{k+1}{2} +1) &=& k\cdot (k+1) \\ & 3\cdot ( \frac{k+1}{2} )\cdot ( \frac{k+3}{2} ) &=& k\cdot (k+1) \\ & \frac34\cdot (k+1)\cdot (k+3) &=& k\cdot (k+1) \\ & \frac34 \cdot (k+3) &=& k \\ & \frac34 k + \frac94 &=& k \\ & k-\frac34 k &=& \frac94 \\ & \frac14 k &=& \frac94 \\ & \mathbf{ k } & \mathbf{=} & \mathbf{9} \\\\ & \mathbf{ n-k } & \mathbf{=} & \mathbf{ \frac{k+1}{2} } \\ & n-9 & = & \frac{9+1}{2} \\ & n-9 & = & 5 \\ & \mathbf{ n } & \mathbf{=} & \mathbf{ 14 } \\ \hline \end{array}\)

 

The three successive positive entries are:

\(a=3003 =\binom{14}{8} \\ b=2002 =\binom{14}{9} \\ c=1001 =\binom{14}{10} \\ \)

and n is 14.

 

laugh

heureka  May 22, 2017
edited by heureka  May 22, 2017

37 Online Users

avatar
avatar
avatar
avatar
avatar
avatar
avatar
avatar
avatar
avatar
We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners.  See details