+0  
 
0
141
1
avatar+133 

Let \(S = \{1, 2, 3, \dots, n\}\). Three subsets A, B, C of S are chosen at random. 

 

(a) Find the probablity that \(A \cup B \cup C = S.\)

 

(b) Find the probablity that \(A \subseteq B \subseteq C.\)

 Jun 19, 2020
 #1
avatar
0

(a) There are 3^n ways of distributing the elements among A, B, and C, and there are 2^n ways of choosing each subset, so the probability is 3^n/(2^n*2^n*2^n) = 3^n/8^n.

 

(b) There are 2^n ways of choosing C, then 2^(n - 1) ways of choosing B, then 2^(n - 2) ways of choosing A, so the probability is 2^n*2^(n - 1)*2^(n - 2)/(2^n*2^n*2^n) = 1/8.

 Jun 20, 2020

27 Online Users

avatar