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Fiona writes a list containing all the four-digit numbers that can be written using only the digits 1, 2, and 3. What is the probability that a randomlychosen number in Fiona's list has a digit-sum that is at least 6?

 

For example, 1,322 is such a number scine 1+3+2+2=8 is at least 6.

 Apr 16, 2022

Best Answer 

 #1
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It is quite complicated to consider those numbers which have a digit sum that is at least 6. 

We can consider those numbers which have a digit sum less than 6 instead.

 

Numbers with digit sum 4: 1111

Numbers with digit sum 5: 2111, 1211, 1121, 1112

 

Therefore, there are only 5 numbers with a digit sum less than 6. All other numbers have a digit sum of at least 6.

Note that there are 3^4 = 81 numbers which can be written with only 1, 2, 3.

 

\(\text{Required number} = 3^4 - 5 = 76\).

 Apr 16, 2022
 #1
avatar+9459 
+1
Best Answer

It is quite complicated to consider those numbers which have a digit sum that is at least 6. 

We can consider those numbers which have a digit sum less than 6 instead.

 

Numbers with digit sum 4: 1111

Numbers with digit sum 5: 2111, 1211, 1121, 1112

 

Therefore, there are only 5 numbers with a digit sum less than 6. All other numbers have a digit sum of at least 6.

Note that there are 3^4 = 81 numbers which can be written with only 1, 2, 3.

 

\(\text{Required number} = 3^4 - 5 = 76\).

MaxWong Apr 16, 2022

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