+0

# Prove that if w, z are complex numbers such that |w|=|z|=1 and wz is not equal to -1, then (w+z)/(1+wz) is a real number.

0
53
1
+44

Prove that if w, z are complex numbers such that |w|=|z|=1 and wz is not equal to -1, then (w+z)/(1+wz) is a real number.

Jun 5, 2020

#1
0

Let w = a + bi and z = c + di.  Then

\(\dfrac{w + z}{1 + wz} = \dfrac{a + c + bi + di}{1 + (a + bi)(c + di)}\)

To express this in rectangular form, we can multiply the numerator and denominator by the conjugate:

\(\dfrac{a + c + bi + di}{1 + (a + bi)(c + di)} = \dfrac{(a + c + bi + di)((1 - (a + bi)(c + di))}{(1 + (a + bi)(c + di))(1 - (a + bi)(c + di))}\)

The denominator simplifies to (1 - (a^2 + b^2)(c^2 + d^2)), which is real.  The numerator simplifies to a^2 - b^2 + c^2 - d^2, which is also real.  Therefore, the complex number (w + z)/(1 + wz) is real.

Jun 6, 2020