+0

THis questions is also different

0
1199
2

Ten people, including Fred, are in the Jazz Club. They decide to form a 3-person steering committee. How many possible committees can be formed that do not include Fred? Do you notice a relationship between your answers of the three parts of this problem?

Mar 20, 2015

#1
+11

Total committees - Total committtees that include Fred = Total committees that don't include Fred

So we have

120 - 36  =  84 committees that don't include Fred

Note this is the same as C(9,3) = choosing  any 3 of 9 people that don't include Fred   Mar 20, 2015

#1
+11

Total committees - Total committtees that include Fred = Total committees that don't include Fred

So we have

120 - 36  =  84 committees that don't include Fred

Note this is the same as C(9,3) = choosing  any 3 of 9 people that don't include Fred   CPhill Mar 20, 2015
#2
+5

total number of commities - no restrictions         $${\left({\frac{{\mathtt{10}}{!}}{{\mathtt{3}}{!}{\mathtt{\,\times\,}}({\mathtt{10}}{\mathtt{\,-\,}}{\mathtt{3}}){!}}}\right)} = {\mathtt{120}}$$

total number that Fred is in         $${\left({\frac{{\mathtt{9}}{!}}{{\mathtt{2}}{!}{\mathtt{\,\times\,}}({\mathtt{9}}{\mathtt{\,-\,}}{\mathtt{2}}){!}}}\right)} = {\mathtt{36}}$$

total number that Fred is not ine       $${\left({\frac{{\mathtt{9}}{!}}{{\mathtt{3}}{!}{\mathtt{\,\times\,}}({\mathtt{9}}{\mathtt{\,-\,}}{\mathtt{3}}){!}}}\right)} = {\mathtt{84}}$$

$${\mathtt{84}}{\mathtt{\,\small\textbf+\,}}{\mathtt{36}} = {\mathtt{120}}$$

These 2 are complementary events,

either one happens OR the other happens.

Mar 21, 2015