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In right triangle ABC, leg AC is 2 cm and leg BC is 6 cm. A square is constructed of hypotenuse AB, the hypotenuse being one side of the square. What is the distance, in cm, from point C to the intersection point of the two diagonals of the square?

A) 4√3

B) 4√2

C) 6√2

D) 5√3

E) 5√2

jonathanxu999 Dec 2, 2017

#2**+3 **

Put A at (0,2), C at (0,0), and B at (6,0)

AB is √40 units in length

Construct two lines perpendicular to AB through A and B

The equation of the line through A is y = 3x + 2 .......the of the line through B is

y = 3x - 18

Constuct two circles with radiuses of √40 centered at A and B

The equation of the circle centered at A is x^2 + (y - 2)^2 = 40

The equation of the circle centered at B is (x - 6)^2 + y^2 = 40

And we can find the intersection of the circle centered at A and the perpendicular line to AB passing through A thusly :

x^2 + (3x + 2 - 2)^2 = 40

x^2 + 9x^2 = 40

10x^2 = 40

x = 2 and y = 3(2) + 2 = 8

So the intersection is at (2, 8)....label this point D

Likewise....we can find the intersection of the cirlce centered at B and the perpendicular line to AB passing through B thusly :

(x - 6)^2 + (3x - 18)^2 = 40

(x - 6)^2 + 9 ( x - 6)^2 = 40

10 (x - 6)^2 = 40

(x - 6)^2 = 4

x - 6 = 2

x = 8 and y = 3(8) - 18 = 6

So the intersection is (8, 6).....label this point E

And DB will be one diagonal of the square and AE will be the other diagonal

And the equation of DB is y = -2x + 12

And the eqation of AE is y = (1/2)x + 2

And we can find the inersection of the diagonals, thusly

-2x + 12 = (1/2)x + 2

10 = 2.5x

4 = x and y = -2(4) + 12 = 4

So the intersection of the diagonals is at (4,4)

And the distance between this point and C = √ [ 4^2 + 4^2] = √32 = 4√2

CPhill Dec 3, 2017

#3**+1 **

I wanted to see how Chris got the EXACT answer with a radical ....I got an equivalent numerical answer using the Law of Cosines (twice) See handwritten diagram:

ElectricPavlov Dec 3, 2017