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Two numbers are independently selected from the set of positive integers less than or equal to 5. What is the probability that the sum of the two numbers is greater than their product? Express your answer as a common fraction.

 Sep 26, 2019

Best Answer 

 #1
avatar+2361 
+2

To find the probability, first find all possible cases (note that zero is neither positive or negative)

 

2 are picked out of 5, so

 

Using the combination formula : \(\frac{5!}{2!3!}\)

 

Which is - \(10\)

 

Now that is the number of possible cases of 2 numbers getting chosen out of 5.

 

 

Now lets list all the cases of "the sum of the two numbers is greater than their product" (note that one number can't be chosen twice)

 

1 and 2

 

1 and 3

 

1 and 4

 

1 and 5

 

And thats all (4 cases)

 

so the answer is 

 

2/5

 Sep 26, 2019
 #1
avatar+2361 
+2
Best Answer

To find the probability, first find all possible cases (note that zero is neither positive or negative)

 

2 are picked out of 5, so

 

Using the combination formula : \(\frac{5!}{2!3!}\)

 

Which is - \(10\)

 

Now that is the number of possible cases of 2 numbers getting chosen out of 5.

 

 

Now lets list all the cases of "the sum of the two numbers is greater than their product" (note that one number can't be chosen twice)

 

1 and 2

 

1 and 3

 

1 and 4

 

1 and 5

 

And thats all (4 cases)

 

so the answer is 

 

2/5

CalculatorUser Sep 26, 2019

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