(a) Determine a cubic polynomial with integer coefficients which has $\sqrt[3]{2} + \sqrt[3]{4}$ as a root.

(b) Prove that $\sqrt[3]{2} + \sqrt[3]{4}$ is irrational.

tysm in advance!! ive been having a really hard time with my class lately so it could help me if someone could get me started with walking me through this problem :))

I hope everyone is having a good day!

Guest Apr 6, 2022

#1**0 **

Since are looking for a cubic polynomial, let it be ax^3 + bx^2 + cx + d = 0. So

\(a(\sqrt[3]{2} + \sqrt[3]{4})^3 + b(\sqrt[3]{2} + \sqrt[3]{4})^2 + c(\sqrt[3]{2} + \sqrt[3]{4}) + d = 0\)

This expands to

\(a (2 + 3 \sqrt[3]{2^2} \sqrt[3]{4} + 3 \sqrt[3]{2} \sqrt[3]{4^2} + 4) + b(\sqrt[3]{2^2} + 2 \sqrt[3]{2} \sqrt[3]{4} + \sqrt[3]{4^2}) + c(\sqrt[3]{2} + \sqrt[3]{4}) + d = 0\)

Expanding everything out, and comparing the coefficients, we get

a + 3b + 3c + d = 16,

-6b + 3c + 3d = -24,

c - 3d = 22,

d = -6.

The solution to this system is a = 1, b = 3, c = 4, d = -6, so the cubic is x^3 + 3x^2 + 4x - 6.

Guest Apr 9, 2022