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# Geometric Progression

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Which positive real number x has the property that x, $$\lfloor x \rfloor$$, x- $$\lfloor x \rfloor$$  form a geometric progression (in that order)?

(Recall that  means the greatest integer less than or equal to .)

Mar 17, 2018
edited by waffles  Mar 17, 2018

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Let $$\displaystyle x=m+n, \text{ where }m\text{ is an integer, and }0 Then, \(\displaystyle \lfloor x \rfloor =m,\text{ and } x- \lfloor x \rfloor=n.$$

If the common ratio of the GP is $$\displaystyle r,(0 \(\displaystyle (m+n)r=m,\text{ and } mr=n.$$

Substitute the second equation into the first and we have, $$\displaystyle n(1+r)=m.$$

$$\displaystyle r<1, \text{ so }(1+r)<2,$$

and since n is also less than 1,

it follows that the only possible (positive) integer value for m is m = 1.

That implies that r = n, and substitution into the equation $$\displaystyle (m+n)r=1,\text{ gets us }n^{2}+n-1=0,$$

from which

$$\displaystyle n=\left(-1+\sqrt{5}\right)/2\approx0.618,$$

(the golden ratio).

$$\displaystyle x\approx1.618.$$

Tiggsy

Mar 18, 2018