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# Z Notation, subsets

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Consider the universal set

U = {a, b, c, d, e, f}

and the subsets

A =   {a, b, d},     B = {b, d, e, f},          C = {c, f}

Write down each of the following:

A ∩ (B U C)

(B’ ∩ C)’ - A

Guest May 13, 2014

#1
+26640
+8

B∪C is the set of all the items in B and C put together. {b, c, d, e, f}

A∩(B∪C) is the set of items that are common to A and to B∪C.  In this case that is {b, d}

B` is everything in the universal set that is not in B, namely {a, c}

B`∩C is the set of items common to B` and C, namely {c}

(B`∩C)` is everything in the universal set not in B`∩C.  So {a, b, d, e, f}

(B`∩C)`-A is the set of items left when you take those in A away from (B`∩C)`, so you are left with  {e, f}

Alan  May 13, 2014
Sort:

#1
+26640
+8

B∪C is the set of all the items in B and C put together. {b, c, d, e, f}

A∩(B∪C) is the set of items that are common to A and to B∪C.  In this case that is {b, d}

B` is everything in the universal set that is not in B, namely {a, c}

B`∩C is the set of items common to B` and C, namely {c}

(B`∩C)` is everything in the universal set not in B`∩C.  So {a, b, d, e, f}

(B`∩C)`-A is the set of items left when you take those in A away from (B`∩C)`, so you are left with  {e, f}

Alan  May 13, 2014
#2
+5

Thank you Alan, these are the results I came up with as well and they match. Thanks for making it clear.

Guest May 13, 2014
#3
+85789
+5

Let me see how much of this I remember.......!!

The first one is  A ∩ (B U C), which, by Distributive Laws can be writtten as:

(A ∩ B) U (A ∩ C) =

({a, b, d} ∩ {b, d, e, f }) U { } =

{b, d } U { } =

{b, d}    {By, defnition, the empty set is a subset of every set}

The second one is (B’ ∩ C)’ - A  ...   which, by using De Morgan's Laws  can be written as

(B U C') - A =

({b, d, e, f} U {a, b, d, e })  - {a, b, d } =

({a, b, d, e, f} - {a, b, d}) = {e, f }

I believe that's it........but if someone else can check my answer , it would be great !!

CPhill  May 13, 2014

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