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3.) A large snowplow can clear a parking lot in 4 hours. A small snowplow needs more time to clear the lot.
Working together, the large and small snowplow can clear the lot in 3 hours. How long would it take the
small snow plow to clear the lot by itself?

 Feb 3, 2019
 #1
avatar+18965 
+2

Large snow plow rate =   1 lot/4

Small snow plow rate =   1lot/x

 

(1/4 + 1/x) * 3 = 1 lot

3/4 +3/x =1

3/x=1/4

x = 3/(1/4) = 12      hours

 Feb 3, 2019
edited by ElectricPavlov  Feb 3, 2019
 #2
avatar+2343 
+2

For problems like these, I like to use a table. I like to fill in the table with the information given to me and then create an equation that I can solve. 

 

For this table, I will use the equation d=rt as the structure for the table.

 

  D R T
Large Snowplow      
Small Snowplow      
Large Snowplow and Small Snowplow      

 

We will use the equation d=rt as a metaphor for this particular question. 

 

d is metaphorical for the total amount done; for example, in this problem, the large snowplow is clearing one parking lot of its snow. Therefore, d=1 for the large snowplow.

 

Although we do not know how long the small snowplow takes to clear the parking lot yet, we do know that it has to clear one parking lot by itself, so d=1 for the small snowplow, as well.

 

When the snowplows work together, they both only clear one parking lot in this problem, so d=1 for the large and small snowplow. Let's fill this information in now. 

 

  D R T
Large Snowplow 1p    
Small Snowplow 1p    
Large Snowplow and Small Snowplow 1p    

 

Next, I will fill in the "T" column, which represents time. 

 

The given information states that the large snowplow leaves the parking lot devoid of snow after 4 hours. Therefore, t=4.

 

We do not know how much time it took the small snowplow to clear this parking lot; after all, that is what we are solving for. I will assign a variable, x, for that slot.

 

Collectively, the snowplows unload all that snow in a matter of 3 hours, so t=3 in the final row.

 

This is what the table looks like now:

 

 

  D R T
Large Snowplow 1p   4hr
Small Snowplow 1p   xhr
Large Snowplow and Small Snowplow 1p   3hr

 

To fill in the rates, I will refer back to that metaphorical formula. I can rearrange this formula to solve for r.

 

\(d=rt\) divide by t to isolate r.
\(r=\frac{d}{t}\)  

 

This rearrangement shows that all I have to do is divide the "D" values by the "T" values in order to fill in the elements of the "R" column. Here is an update of what the table looks like.

 

  D R T
Large Snowplow \(1p\) \(\frac{1p}{4\text{hr}}\) \(4\text{hr}\)
Small Snowplow \(1p\) \(\frac{1p}{x\text{hr}}\) \(x\text{hr}\)
Large Snowplow and Small Snowplow \(1p\) \(\frac{1p}{3\text{hr}}\) \(3\text{hr}\)

 

Great! We have the table filled out. In order to generate an equation, I want you to focus on the "R" column, the one that represents the rate of the snowplows. When the snowplows are in cahoots, their combined rates equal that of the sum of the individual rates. This allows us to generate an equation. 

 

\(\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{x}=\frac{1}{3}\)

\(\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{x}=\frac{1}{3}\) There are many ways to approach this, but probably the simplest way is to multiply both sides by the LCD, 12x.
\(3x+12=4x\) Subtract 3x on both sides. 
\(x=12\text{hr.}\) This is how long the small snowplow will take on its own.
   


 

 Feb 3, 2019
 #3
avatar+103140 
+3

We can use your formula from yesterday to answer this

 

1/4 + 1/T = 1/3         where T is the time (in hours) for the small snowplow to clear the lot

 

Subtract 1/4 rom both sides

 

1/T =  1/3 - 1/4

 

1 /T = 1/12       "flip" both fractions

 

T = 12   =    12 hours

 

cool cool cool

 Feb 3, 2019
 #4
avatar+8 
-4

Thanks, CPhill! This formula is easy to use now.

 

-- 7H3_5H4D0W

GAMEMASTERX40  Feb 3, 2019

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