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avatar+558 

In how many ways can 2 postcards be mailed into 3 mail boxes.

 

The answer is 9. It's solved by doing 3^2. 

Could anyone please explain why it is solved like this?

 Aug 7, 2018
 #1
avatar+27310 
+1

Let m represent the mailboxes and p the postcards:

 

 

.

 Aug 7, 2018
 #2
avatar+20807 
+1

In how many ways can 2 postcards be mailed into 3 mail boxes.

The answer is 9. It's solved by doing 3^2. 

Could anyone please explain why it is solved like this?

 

\(\text{ Let postcard $1 = PC_1$ } \\ \text{ Let postcard $2 = PC_2$ }\)

 

\(\text{The subset $PC_1 = $ { Box $1,\ $ Box $2,\ $ Box $3$ } } \\ \text{The subset $PC_2 = $ { Box $1,\ $ Box $2,\ $ Box $3$ } } \)

 

The cartesian product of  the subsets is \(PC_1 \times PC_2\) :

\(\begin{array}{|rcll|} \hline && PC_1 \times PC_2 \\ &=& 3\times 3 \\ &=& 3^2 \\ &=& 9 \\ \hline \end{array}\)

 

\(\begin{array}{|r|c|c|c|c|} \hline & PC_2: & \text{Box}_1 & \text{Box}_2 & \text{Box}_3 \\ PC_1 & & \\ \hline \text{Box}_1 & & (1,1) & (1,2) & (1,3) \\ \text{Box}_2 & & (2,1) & (2,2) & (2,3) \\ \text{Box}_3 & & (3,1) & (3,2) & (3,3) \\ \hline \end{array} \)

 

\(\begin{array}{|rcll|} \hline PC_1 \times PC_2 &=& \{(1,1),(1,2),(1,3),(2,1),(2,2),(2,3),(3,1),(3,2),(3,3) \} \\ \hline \end{array}\)

 

laugh

 Aug 7, 2018
edited by heureka  Aug 7, 2018
 #3
avatar+27 
+1

 

 

Well The 2 postcards can go into the mailboxes like this 

 

(1,3) (2,1) (1,2) ( 2,3) ( 3,2) ( 3,1) (1,1) (2,2)(3,3)

 Aug 14, 2018

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