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Let ABC be a triangle, and let its angle bisectors be AD, BE, and CF, which intersect at I. If DI = 3, BD = 4, and BI = 8, then find the area of triangle ABC.

 Mar 5, 2023
 #1
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We can start by using the angle bisector theorem to find the lengths of the other two angle bisectors. The angle bisector theorem states that if AD is the angle bisector of angle A in triangle ABC, then BD/DC = AB/AC. Applying this to triangle BID and using the given values, we have:

BD/ID = BI/DI
4/3 = 8/DI
DI = 24/4 = 6

Now we can apply the angle bisector theorem to triangle BIC to find EC:

BI/IC = BE/EC
8/IC = 4/EC
EC = 2IC

Similarly, we can apply the angle bisector theorem to triangle AID to find AF:

AD/ID = AF/FD
AD/3 = AF/(BD - AF)
AD/3 = AF/(4 - AF)
4AF - AF^2 = 3AD
4AF - AF^2 = 9
AF^2 - 4AF + 9 = 0
(A - 3)^2 = 0
AF = 3

Now we can use the formula for the area of a triangle in terms of its side lengths and semiperimeter:

A = sqrt(s(s-a)(s-b)(s-c))

where a, b, and c are the side lengths of the triangle, and s is the semiperimeter (half the perimeter).

We can find the side lengths of triangle ABC using the angle bisector theorem and the fact that AF = 3:

AB/BD = AI/DI
AB/4 = (8+6)/6
AB = 20/3

AC/CD = AI/DI
AC/DC = 14/6
AC = 14/2 = 7

BC/CE = BI/EI
BC/2IC = 8/(8+6)
BC/2EC = 4/7
BC = 8EC/7 = 16IC/7

The semiperimeter is s = (AB + AC + BC)/2.

Substituting these values into the area formula, we have:

A = sqrt(s(s-a)(s-b)(s-c))
A = sqrt((20/3 + 7 + 16IC/7)/2 * (20/3 - 8/3) * (20/3 - 7) * (16IC/7 - BC/2))
A = sqrt(84/7 * 4/3 * 13/3 * (16IC/7 - 8EC/7))
A = sqrt(1664/81 * IC - 3584/81)

We can use the angle bisector theorem again to find IC:

CI/IB = CE/EB
CI/8 = 2IC/(8-2IC)
CI/4 = IC/(4 - IC)
4IC - IC^2 = 4CI
IC^2 - 4IC + 4 = 0
(IC - 2)^2 = 0
IC = 2

Substituting this value into the expression for the area, we have:

A = sqrt(1664/81 * 2 - 3584/81)
A = sqrt(256/81)
A = 16/9

Therefore, the area of triangle ABC is 16/9.

 Mar 6, 2023
 #2
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Second/third lines 'Applying this to the triangle BID'.

BID is not a triangle.

 

6th line, DI = 6.

The question says that DI = 3.

 

etc.

Guest Mar 6, 2023

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