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avatar+131 

If

then for how many values of x is f(f(x))=5?

 Jan 5, 2019
 #1
avatar+24 
+1

Work backwards. 

 

To get five on the last f(x), then x could be -3 for the first f(x). 

 

Or, on the f(x)=x+3, it would be impossible. 

 

So you need -3 after the first f(x).

 

To do that, you could start off with -6, get to -3 and get 5.

 

Or you could start off with x=1, get to -3, and get 5. 

 

There are two possible values for x: \(\boxed{\{-6, 1\}}\) .

 Jan 5, 2019
 #2
avatar+98172 
+2

For  f( f(x) to = 5

 

We have several possibilities

 

First

 

(x + 3) + 3 = 5

x + 6 = 5

x = -1

But.....note that  f(f(-1)) = f (-3)  = 5   so....-1  works

 

Also

 

(x^2 - 4)^2 - 4 = 5

x^4 - 8x^2 + 16 - 9 = 0

x^4 - 8x^2 + 7 = 0        factor

(x^2 - 7) ( x ^2 - 1)

We have 4 possible solutions

x = -√7, √7, -1 , 1

 

 x = - √7  will produce  because f(f(-√7)) = f (3) = 6

We have seen that x = - 1 works

x = 1 will work because  f(f(1)) = f(-3) = 5

x = √7  will work because   f(f(√7)) =  f(3)  =  5

 

Another possiibility is  that

(x +3)^2 - 4 = 5

x^2 + 6x +  9 - 9 = 0

x^2 + 6x = 0

x(x + 6) = 0

x =  0   or x = -6

 

f(f(0)) = f(-4) =  12

f(f(-6)) = f(-3) = 5

 

The last possibility is that

(x^2 - 4) + 3 = 5

x^2 - 6 = 0

x = -√6  or x = √6

 

f(f(-√6)) = f (2) = 0

f(f(√6)) = f(2) = 0

 

So....the x values  where f(f(x) ) = 5  are

 

x = -1, 1, -√7, √7, -6

 

 

cool cool cool               

 Jan 6, 2019

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