In the given figure, the rectangle at the corner measures 1 cm x 2 cm.
What is the radius of the circle in cm?
Let (0,0) be the center of the circle
The lower right vertex of the rectangle is ( r -2, r - 1 )
So the distance from the center to this point is r^2....so we have
r^2 = ( r-2)^2 + (r-1)^2
r^2 = r^2 - 4r + 4 + r^2 - 2r + 1
r^2 - 6r + 5 = 0 factor
(r - 5) ( r - 1) = 0
The first factor set = 0 gifes us the radius
r - 5 = 0
r = 5 (cm)