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# L'Hopital's Limits

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I am stuck on this limits problem: $$\lim_{x\rightarrow 1}\frac{x^3-3x^2+3x-1}{x-1}$$

I could easily factor the numerator into $(x-1)^3$ and solve, but the problem asked me specifically to use L'Hopital's method of evaluating limits. I have tested and found that it is an indeterminate form, 0/0, but I have never done L'Hopital's method before(It's an extracurricular thing). I have evaluated the limit to be 0 through factoring and cancelling, but I need to show this through L'Hopital's.

Apr 2, 2021

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L'Hopital's rule tells us that if the numerator function (let's call that f(x)) and the denominator function (let's call that g(x)) both approach 0 as x approaches n, where n is a constant, and if $$\lim_{x\rightarrow n} (\frac{f'(x)}{g'(x)})$$ exists, then $$\lim_{x\rightarrow n} (\frac{f'(x)}{g'(x)})$$.

So basically keep taking the derivative of the top and bottom of the fraction until you reach a point where it's not indeterminate or it's undefined (like 4/0).

In this case, you need to use the power rule:

$$\lim_{x\rightarrow 1}\frac{x^3-3x^2+3x-1}{x-1}\\=\lim_{x\rightarrow 1}\frac{3x^2-6x+3}{1}\\ 3(1)^2-6(1)+3=0$$

Apr 2, 2021
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Thank you @textot ! This was exactly what i needed!

RiemannIntegralzzz  Apr 3, 2021