+0

# MATHCOUNTS State

0
689
4
+96

When the expression \((2^{1})(2^{2})(2^{3})...(2^{99})(2^{100})\) is written as an integer, what is the product of the tens digit and the ones digit?

Aug 21, 2017

#1
0

It is 8

Aug 21, 2017
#2
+100516
+2

Note that (21) (22) (23) (24)......(299)(2100)   can be rearranged as

(21)(2100) * ( 22)(299)  * ( 23)(298)  =

(2101)50   =

(250)101 =

( [(2^10)]^5)^101

Note that  2^10  ends in 24

And 24^(2n + 1)  ends in 24 for n = any whole number......so we can write

[( ......24)^5]^101  =

[ (......24)^(2(2) + 1) ]^101  =

[(.....24) ] ^(2(50) + 1)  =

24

And the product of the tens digit and  ones digit  = 8

Aug 21, 2017
edited by CPhill  Aug 21, 2017
#3
0

These exponents (2^1) (2^2) (2^3) (2^4)......(2^99)(2^100) can be written thus:

2^(100*101/2) = 2^5050. This, in turn, can be split into: 2^5045 x 2^5. And since 2 to any exponent ending in 5 will result ending in 32. Therefore, 2^5045 x 2^5 =.......32 x 32 =1,024, or......24. And their product = 2 x 4 = 8.

Aug 22, 2017
#4
-1

No, not true !!!.  2^15 =32,768 !!!.

2^1 =2

2^2 =4

2^3 =8

2^4 =16

2^5 =32

2^6 =64

2^7 =128

2^8 =256

2^9 =512

2^10 =1024 .........etc. Do you see any pattern??

Guest Aug 22, 2017