So the question is
Find a polynomial f(x) of degree 5 such that both of these properties hold:
f(x) is divisible by x^3
f(x)+2 is divisible by (x+1)^3
I understand the problem and I know you have make a system of equations solving for a, b, and c because the function will be in the form\
a^5+b^4+c^3. I also found -a+b-c=-2 but I cant find the other two equations.
Can you help?
Since f(x) is divisible by x^3, f(x) is of the form ax^5 + bx^4 + cx^3.
You then want ax^5 + bx^4 + cx^3 + 2 to be divisible by (x + 1)^3. Using long division, you get the equations
-10a + 6b - 3c = 0
4a - 3b + 2c = 0
-a + b - c + 2 = 0
==> a = 6, b = 16, c = 12
So f(x) = 6x^5 + 16x^4 + 12x^3.