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In a certain Algebra 2 class of 23 students, 7 of them play basketball and 12 of them play baseball. There are 9 students who play neither sport. What is the probability that a student chosen randomly from the class plays basketball or baseball?

 Apr 11, 2020
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It depends upon what you mean by "or": 

1) Inclusive or:  it means one or the other and possibly both.

2) Exclusive or:  it means one or the other but not both.

 

There are 23 students

-- 9 students play neither sport

-- therefore, 23 - 9  =  14 students play at least one of the two sports; some play both sports.

 

Inclusive or:  the probability will be:  14 / 23 that a student chosen at random will play at least one of the two sports.

 

Exclusive or: we need to first find how many students play both sports.

Since 14 persons play sports and since 7 play basketball and 12 play baseball, this requires 7 + 12 = 19 students.

Subtracting  19 - 14 = 5 give the number of students who play both sports.

If we eliminate these 5 persons as well as the 9 who play neither sport, we have to eliminate 5 + 9  =  14 persons.

This gives 23 - 14 = 9 persons who play only one of the two sports.

The probability will be:  9/23 play a sport, but only one sport.

 Apr 11, 2020

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