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# Probability

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A machine randomly generates one of the nine numbers 1, 2, 3, … , 9 with equal likelihood. What is the probability that when Tsuni uses this machine to generate four numbers their product is divisible by 4? Express your answer as a common fraction.

Jul 22, 2022

#1
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Note that for the product to be divisible by 4, there need to be at least 2 even numbers.

The probability of rolling only odd numbers is $${5 \over 9}^4 = {1025 \over 6561}$$

The probability of rolling exactly 1 even number is $$4 \times 5^3 \times {4 \choose 3} = 2000$$

So, the probability is $$1 - ({1025 \over 6561} + {2000 \over 6561}) = \text{_____}$$

Jul 22, 2022
#4
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BuilderBoi  Jul 23, 2022
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BuilderBoi: A computer code gives the following numbers:

9^4 ==6,561 permutations. [This is based on the assumption that numbers are replaced at each draw]

The computer calculates:

The probability is;  4,936 / 6,561

Jul 22, 2022
#3
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REVISED ANSWER: There are $$9^4 = 6561$$ ways to get the numbers.

The easiest way to solve this is to use complementary counting, in which we count what we don't want, and subtract that from 1

Note that the probability of getting an odd number is $${5 \over 9}^4 = {625 \over 6561}$$

The probability of getting a 2 or 6 is $${2 \times 5^3 \times {4 \choose 3} \over 6561} = {1000 \over 6561}$$ note that 4 and 8 make the product divisible by 4.

So, the total probability is $$1 - ({625 \over 6561} + {1000 \over 6561} ) = \color{brown}\boxed{4936 \over 6561}$$

Jul 23, 2022