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Hello! Let's say we have an arc, and its measure is 36 degrees. If we know that one side length is 10 units what is the perimeter of the arc? 

 Dec 2, 2018
 #1
avatar+866 
+1

Can we use that 36 degrees is 1/10 of 360?

 Dec 2, 2018
 #2
avatar+100513 
+2

Ant....I assume that we have a decagon [ regular polygon of 10 sides ]  inscribed in a circle??......if so....

 

The radius, r, of the circle can be found as

 

r / sin 72 = 10/ sin 36

 

r = 10sin72 / sin 36 =    5 (1 + √5 )

 

So....the perimeter of the arc   [ arc length of 1/10 of the circle ] is

 

2pi r / 10 = 

 

2pi [ 5 ( 1 + √5)]  / 10    =    pi *  (1 + √5) units  ≈ 10.17 units

 

 

cool cool cool

 Dec 2, 2018
edited by CPhill  Dec 2, 2018
 #3
avatar+866 
0

Thanks, CPhill! But, it was a regular arc in a circle.

ant101  Dec 2, 2018
 #4
avatar+866 
0

Kind of looks like this!

ant101  Dec 2, 2018
 #5
avatar+100513 
+2

Oh, OK....the radius = 10

 

Arc length =  arc length of whole circle * (36/360) =

 

2pi (radius) * (36/360) =

 

2pi (10) * (1/10 ) =

 

2pi  units ≈  6.28 units

 

 

cool cool cool

CPhill  Dec 2, 2018
 #6
avatar+866 
+1

Thank you, CPhill! So, the perimeter is 10+10+6.28=26.28 units?

ant101  Dec 2, 2018
 #7
avatar+100800 
+2

Thanks CPhill, since you are not here, and ant101 has asked for clarifictaion, I will add my input.

 

Hi Ant101  laugh

 

There are 360 degrees in a circle

so 36 degrees is one tenth of a circle and the radius of your circle is 10

 

so    the arc length is    \(\text{one tenth }*\pi*10^2 = 0.1*\pi*100=10\pi\)

 

NOW, your question is worded incorrectly and technically it does not make sense.

An arc is a part of a circle's circumference and it does not have a perimeter because it is not a closed curve.

  An arc has a length, which I have alredy found for you.

 

I think you are actually asking for the perimeter of the sector.

A sector is a part of a circle which includes 2 radii and the arc between them.  

   For instance, when you cut a cake you usually cut it into sectors.

so

The perimeter of the sector is       \(10\pi+10+10 = 20+10\pi\;\;units\)

 

-----------------------

 

My answer is very different from CPhill's.  This is because the question is worded incorrectly and he interpreted its meaning very differently from me.

Melody  Dec 2, 2018
 #8
avatar+100513 
+2

Ah...I see....Ant wanted the perimeter of the sector.....!!!

 

This should be

 

Sum of radii + arc we found

 

10 + 10 + 2pi = [20 + 2pi ] =  26.28 units

 

And you are correct, Ant....

 

 

cool cool cool

CPhill  Dec 2, 2018
 #9
avatar+100513 
+3

I think you made a slight error, Melody

 

You computed (1/10) of the area of the circle...not (1/10) of the circumference

 

cool cool cool

CPhill  Dec 2, 2018
 #10
avatar+866 
+2

Thank you, CPhill! I should have worded that correctly!

ant101  Dec 2, 2018
 #11
avatar+866 
+2

Ah, I made a mistake. It's a sector, sorry.

ant101  Dec 2, 2018
 #12
avatar+100800 
+1

Thanks Chris, you are right of course, I found area instead of perimeter, silly me.

Melody  Dec 2, 2018
 #14
avatar+100513 
0

No big deal.....Melody sussed it out ....

 

 

cool cool cool

CPhill  Dec 2, 2018

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